THE FELDENKRAIS METHOD AND POSTURE
by Ralph Strauch
Most people think of posture in terms of alignment -- proper posture means sitting or standing up straight, with your chest out and your shoulders back. That's what we were taught as kids, after all. And we were taught to achieve this posture through effort. Proper posture, defined this way, is difficult to maintain. Some people manage to do it with tension and effort; others just give up and resign themselves to a life of "bad posture."
But is this the right way to think about posture? Should good posture really be hard to achieve and maintain? As a Feldenkrais Teacher, my answer to those questions is a resounding "NO!" The criteria by which we judge posture should be ease and lack of effort, rather than skeletal alignment. Good posture should grow organically out of our innate sense of ourselves as we move through and function in the world. A relaxed, aware body will align itself easily and naturally in gravity, so that body mass balances lightly on the skeleton with a minimum of muscular effort.
Muscles are not meant to support weight directly, but to align the skeleton to support the body in gravity and to generate the forces necessary for movement and interaction with the surrounding environment. A good natural balance produces a skeletal alignment (posture) that may seem similar to that prescribed by proper posture as described above, but that is maintained in a very different way. Proper posture is produced by continuous effort, natural balance can be relaxed and effortless.
Three interlocking factors contribute to postural problems -- poor balance, unnecessary effort, and lack of self-awareness. This lack of self-awareness is widespread in contemporary society. Few people are aware of how poor their balance is or how much unnecessary tension they carry. Habitual tensions in the ribcage and neck pull the head and torso forward, worsening balance. Poor balance adds tension, as muscles contract to support off-center weight. Excessive tension serves to reduce awareness, closing the cycle of mutually reinforcing feedback among the three.
The key to improving posture lies not in effortful adherence to an external ideal of proper posture, but in increasing self-awareness, which leads to reduced tension and improved balance. The Feldenkrais Method® of somatic (body) education, developed by Israeli scientist Moshe Feldenkrais, DSc, provides excellent tools with which to accomplish this.
The Feldenkrais Method uses gentle touch, movement, and directed attention to increase self-awareness and help you return to to the easy, fluid movement and balance that are your natural birthright. The Method is taught in two forms. In group Awareness Through Movement® lessons you are verbally guided through gentle movement sequences which help you learn to move easily and efficiently. Individual Functional Integration® lessons add the element of touch as a teaching tool, and are more responsive to your individual situation and limitations.
As you learn to move with greater awareness and fluidity, your body will naturally align and balance itself in gravity. Good posture emerges as a byproduct of fluid aware movement, rather than something to be achieved through effortful striving.
Ralph Strauch has a private practice in the Feldenkrais Method in Pacific Palisades, California, a suburb of Los Angeles. He was trained by Moshe Feldenkrais, the originator of the Method. He has practiced T'ai Chi since the late 1960s, and incorporates insights and ways of thinking from his earlier career as a mathematician into his thinking about human functioning. His Feldenkrais-Somatic Options website contains articles and other information expanding on the ideas presented here, as well as Awareness Through Movement tapes. Email: email@example.com Web Site: Somatic Options
© 2000 by Ralph Strauch. This article may be reproduced and distributed freely so long as my contact information and copyright notice remain intact. The terms Feldenkrais Method, Awareness Through Movement, and Functional Integration are registered service marks of the Feldenkrais Guild.
The Feldenkrais Guild of North America
A very comprehensive site, with information about finding
a Feldenkrais Practitioner, articles and links.
Options - Feldenkrais Method
Nice short description of the Feldenkrais Method;
information on tapes and seminars.
here to visit The Posture Bookstore(USA) in Association with
Books about the Feldenkrais Method
here to visit The Posture Bookshop(UK) in Association with
Books about the Feldenkrais Method
Click here to return to The Posture Page